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# Author Archives: Ashani Dasgupta

## Dunwoody – Day 6

A JSJ decomposition (or JSJ tree) of G over A is an A-tree T such that: T is universally elliptic; T dominates any other universally elliptic tree T’. An A-tree is universally elliptic if its edge stabilizers are elliptic in every A-tree. Recall that H is elliptic in T if it fixes a point in […]

## Rips Machine

Let G be a finitely presented group acting minimally, stably and non trivially by isometries on an \( \mathbb{R} \) tree S. If G does not split over an arc stabilizer of S, then one of the following is true: There is a line \( L \subset S \) acted on by a subgroup H […]

## Dunwoody’s accessibility theorem – Talk Day 4

This is a personal musing. Possible errors, uncredited excerpts lie ahead. We constructed sequence of equivariant maps \(f_k\) from the universal cover \( \tilde {X} \) to the sequence of refinements \(T_k\). The construction was complete up to the 1-skeleton. We want to extend the maps to 2-skeleton in a certain way. To motivate the […]

## Cut points in Bowditch Boundary of Relatively hyperbolic groups 2

Understanding Swenson (large excerpt.. some diagrams .. some remarks). Please be cautious. Potentially wrong remarks lie ahead. Continuum A continuum is a compact connected Hausdorff space. Cut Point In a continuum Z, \( c \in Z \) is a cut point if \( Z = A \cup B \) where A and B are non-singleton continua and \( A \cap B = \{c\} \). If in addition \( D \subset […]

## Dunwoody’s Accessibility Theorem – Day 2

Suppose G is a finitely presented group. Let us fix \( \mathcal{A} \) – a favorite class of subgroups of G (closed under taking subgroups and conjugation). If G acts on an \(\mathcal{A} \) – tree T, we have a graph of groups decomposition for G. If H < G then H acts on T […]

## Cut points in Bowditch Boundary of Relatively hyperbolic groups 1

This document is a personal musing. It has many excerpts without credit, potentially false claims, and misquotes. If some cosmic accident has lead you to this page, then take a deep breath and assume caution. If you are worried about copyright infringement, kindly let me know. I will modify the document. B.H. Bowditch thought about […]

## Day 3 (notes from Craig’s Lecture)

Definition A subset N of a space X is a neighborhood of infinity if \( \bar{X /N } \) is compact. We say that X has k ends ( \( k \in \mathbb{N} \cup \{ \infty \} \) ) if \( k = sup \{ j | X \textrm{has a nbd of} \infty \textrm{with j […]

## A survey of relative Dunwoody’s accessibility theorem

Motivation This is not (even remotely) an original work. For example it contains large excerpts from a variety of papers (often without reference). More importantly beware! What follows may contain outrageously false statements. This was created for an in-class presentation while the author was exploring these ideas for the first time.. Consider a group G […]

## Accessibility

G is a finitely presented group. X is its presentation complex (a simplicial 2-complex). Since G is finitely presented, the number of vertices of X is finite. Suppose \( u_1 , \cdots , u_q \) be the vertices of X. \( \tilde {X} \) be its universal cover. Fix lifts of the vertices of X. […]