Let ABC be a triangle and D be the midpoint of BC. Suppose the angle bisector of \(\angle ADC \) is tangent to the circumcircle of triangle ABD at D. Prove that \(\angle A = 90^o \) .

(Regional Mathematics Olympiad, India, 2016)

Discussion:

 

rmo2016problem1

Since DE is tangent to the circle at D, by tangent-chord theorem, we conclude:

\(\angle EDA =\angle ABD \) (angle made by tangent with a chord is equal to the angle subtended by the chord in the alternate segment)…. (i)

But \(\angle EDA = \angle EDC \) since DE is the angle bisector of \(\angle ADC \). … (ii)

Hence combining (i) and (ii) we have \(\angle ABD = \angle EDC \) implying DE is parallel to AB (as corresponding angles are equal).

Then \(\angle EDA = \angle DAB \) (alternate angles) … (iii)

Combining (i) and (iii) we conclude \(\angle DBA =  \angle DAB \).

This implies \(\Delta ADB \) is isosceles. Hence DA = DB.

But DB = DC (as D is the midpoint of BC.

Hence DA = DB = DC implying D is a point equidistant from the vertices A, B, C. Hence D is the center of the circumcircle of triangle ABC and BC is the diameter.

There \(\angle CAB = 90^o \) (angle in the semicircle).

 

 

Published by Ashani Dasgupta

Pursuing Ph.D. in Geometric Group Theory at University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

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